What are sources for metal exposure in everday life?



Clothing items – buttons, zippers, rivets

Watches & Cell phones


Cooking utensils

Implanted Medical Devices


cardiac stents

artificial knees and hips

fracture plates and rods

spinal implants

Tattoo Inks-
These can include small amounts of aluminum, antimony, arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron oxide, lead, nickel, titanium

Food/Diet – Mercury in fish: Titanium dioxide is a white pigment in foodstuffs

Cadmium in green leafy vegetables; Nickel in cocoa, chocolate, oatmeal

Dental implants and fillings – Sliver fillings contain mercury, silver, copper, and tin

Supplements – Chromium picolinate

Cosmetics/Make-up/Soap – Some contain chromates